The 3D filament is of many types that we will discuss here today. If you are starting to choose your filament, it means you are planning to do 3D printing for product prototypes. One must choose the right printing material as filaments so that they can fulfil their need. You have to keep in mind that besides choosing the right filament, you will need to learn how to do 3D printing properly with tips from experts.
Filaments are expensive, so it will not be pleasant to waste a ton of them and regret choosing to do 3D printing. For your convenience, we have curated a list of filament types you can choose from.
3D Filament Types: Polylactic Acid Or PLA
This filament from corn and sugarcane starch is a renewable source of energy. It is eco-friendly, does not give out odour and creates low warp. Moreover, you will not have to heat the bed to use this filament. This filament is suitable for people who are just starting as it is shiny and stiff. You can use this filament to create prototypes, desk toys, cosmetic prints, and low-stress applications.
3D Filament Types: Polyvinyl Alcohol
PVA is a water-soluble filament that needs support but can also exist independently. You can use it mostly with 3D printers with dual extruders where one is printing the primary material. And the other is printing the support. The low melting filament makes it ideal to be used with PLA as both have similar settings. PVA absorbs a lot of water from the air, and you should store it in a tight container.
3D Filament Types: Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)
One of the most common types of filament is the ABS which requires a hotbed to keep the structure standing straight. This filament can withstand high temperatures, which is why you can create durable materials from it. In plastic engineering and mechanical applications, this type of filament one can use due to its flexibility, strength and machinability.
If you do not handle it well, it causes warping on cooling down and shrink the model.
3D Filament Types: Nylon
If you want to build something of low volume like hinges, etc., Nylon filament is best suited for the job. The strength and durability of Nylon is makes it an excellent choice for creating interlayer adhesion. You have to print it at low speed so that it sets correctly and heat the bed during the process.
One con of using this filament is that it is susceptible to moisture in the air and absorbs water. It would help if you kept it inside an air-tight container all the time to prevent it from getting spoiled.
To conclude, some other choices for filaments include Polycarbonate, PETG filament, Wood filament and Composite metal. Using composite metal gives a metallic model like output and shine like real metal. You can use it to create showpieces, toys and miniature artefacts etc.